Vitamin E Acetate Common Denominator in Vaping Injuries & Deaths

fatal_lung_injuryThe CDC announced today that Vitamin E Acetate is the common denominator in vaping injuries. Fluid samples were taken from the lungs of 29 patients.

Of the 29 patients, THC was identified in 82% of the samples and nicotine was identified in 62% of the samples, yet vitamin e acetate was found in ALL samples.

Vitamin E is a vitamin found in many foods, including vegetable oils, cereals, meat, fruits, and vegetables. It is also available as a dietary supplement and in many cosmetic products, like skin creams. Vitamin E acetate usually does not cause harm when ingested as a vitamin supplement or applied to the skin.

However, previous research suggests when vitamin E acetate is inhaled, it may interfere with the way the lungs function normally. Vitamin E acetate is used as an additive in the production of e-cigarette or vaping products because it resembles THC oil. Vitamin E acetate is also used as a thickening ingredient in e-liquids.

Be sure to stay up to date on the stats here, and more at CDC.gov

Salmonella Outbreak Ground Beef

salmonella_entericaAn outbreak of Salmonella Dublin has infected ten people after they consumed ground beef. Eight were hospitalized and one death out of California has been reported.

The CDC is currently investigating to find the source of the ground beef outbreak, but is yet to announce a recall of all ground beef, and instead is suggesting you thoroughly cook all ground beef to a temperature of at least 160 degrees Fahrenheit, before consuming. It is also recommended that you use a digital thermometer for an accurate reading. The CDC also suggests that you require the same when eating out.

Symptoms of Salmonella

  • Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps 12 to 72 hours after being exposed to the bacteria.
  • The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most people recover without treatment.
  • In some people, the illness may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and then to other places in the body.
  • Children younger than 5 years, adults 65 years and older, and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness.

What is Salmonella Dublin?

  • Salmonella Dublin is a *zoonotic Salmonella enterica serotype (primarily found in cattle) that in recent years has increased in infection incidence, antimicrobial drug resistance, and illness clinical severity.
  • It will mostly affect youngstock between 2 to 5 months old but can also cause abortions in pregnant females.
  • Salmonella dublin is also a serious threat to human health.
  • a higher percentage of persons with Salmonella Dublin infection were hospitalized and died during 2005−2013 (78% hospitalized, 4.2% died) than during 1996–2004 (68% hospitalized, 2.7% died).
  • Salmonella dublin is typically transmitted herd to herd through carriers but can also be spread by infected, yet asymptomatic calves. Carriers are typically yearling heifers or mature cows that show no clinical signs of disease but will consistently or intermittently shed the bacteria in their feces and milk.

Find the CDC release here, of the ground beef salmonella outbreak.

*strain of salmonella that is primarily found in animals (cows), but is now transferring to humans.

Study: Vaping Nicotine Causes Cancer

A study sponsored by National Institutes of Health showed that E-cigarette vapor causes lung cancer and potentially bladder cancer in mice, damaging their DNA and leading researchers at New York University to conclude that vaping is likely “very harmful” to humans as well. The amount of smoke the mice were exposed to was similar to what a human would inhale if they vaped regularly for about three to six years.

“It’s foreseeable that if you smoke e-cigarettes, all kinds of disease comes out” over time, Moon-Shong Tang, the study’s lead researcher, said in an interview. “Long term, some cancer will come out, probably. E-cigarettes are bad news.”

As e-cigarettes or vaping products are still fairly new, only time will tell as to how carcinogenic vaping nicotine actually is, yet the study is the first to link vaping nicotine to cancer.

Researchers at NYU also found that e-cigarette vapor caused DNA damage in the lungs and bladder and “inhibits DNA repair in lung tissues.” Out of 40 mice exposed to e-cigarette vapor with nicotine over 54 weeks, 22.5% developed lung cancer and 57.5% developed precancerous lesions on the bladder.

None of the 20 mice exposed to e-cigarette smoke without nicotine developed cancer over the four years they studied the mice, researchers said.

That’s “statistically very significant,” said Tang, who’s a professor at the NYU School of Medicine.

A study released in February by the University of Southern California, found that e-cigarettes cause the same molecular changes in oral tissue found in smokers or regular cigarettes.

As always, for more information or if you have been injured or are experiencing symptoms, please contact us. For immediate assistance call us at 361.882.8284 24/7.

Latest in E-Cigarette/Vaping Outbreak

Latest in outbreak of e-cigarette and vaping lung injuries.
Users of e-cigarette and vaping products acquire fatal lung injury.

Updated 11/14/19

Courtesy of CDC.gov

As of November 13, 2019, 2,172* cases of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury (EVALI) have been reported to CDC from 49 states (all except Alaska), the District of Columbia, and 2 U.S. territories (Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands).

Forty-two deaths have been confirmed in 24 states and the District of Columbia (as of November 13, 2019).

The CDC has identified vitamin E acetate as a chemical of concern among people with e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury (EVALI).

Questions? Contact Us

If you or anyone you know is experiencing symptoms associated with e-cigarettes and vaping you may come into our offices to see what can be done. As always, there is no charge for a consultation.

Outbreak: Lung Injury Due to E-cigarettes/Vaping

As of September 27, 2019 that stats are as follows:

  • ~805 lung injury cases reported across 46 states and 1 US territory.
  • 12 deaths confirmed in 10 states
  • 69% of patients are male
  • nearly 2/3 of patients are 18-34 years old, with 22% between 18-21 and 16% under 18 years old
  • All reported patients have a history of e-cigarette product use or vaping
  • The latest findings show vaping products which contain THC plays a role in the outbreak
  • CDC obtained data from 514 patients on use 30 days prior to symptom onset: 77% used THC containing products; 36% used THC and only THC products; 57% used nicotine-containing products; 16% used nicotine and only nicotine-containing products

The unknown, currently, is the exact or specific chemical exposure(s) causing the lung injuries associated with e-cigarette product use or vaping. No single product or substance has been linked to all injury cases and more information is needed to know whether one or more e-cigarette or vaping products, substances or brand is responsible for the outbreak.

The CDC recommends that all consumers refrain from using all e-cigarette, or vaping products, particularly those containing THC. If you are an adult who used e-cigarettes containing nicotine to quit cigarette smoking, do not return to smoking cigarettes. If you have recently used an e-cigarette or vaping product and you have symptoms like those reported in this outbreak, see a healthcare provider immediately.

Symptoms of Lung Injury reported by Some Patients in This Outbreak:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • fatigue
  • fever
  • abdominal pain

Patients have reported that their symptoms developed over a few days, while others have reported that their symptoms developed over several weeks. A lung infection does not appear to be causing the symptoms.