Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) refers to an injury to the head sustained from a blow or the person being shaken violently, causing the brain to slam against the walls of the skull.

This injury can change how the person acts, moves, and thinks. A traumatic brain injury can also change how a student learns and acts in school. The term TBI is used for head injuries that can cause changes in one or more areas, such as: 

  • thinking and reasoning 
  • understanding words 
  • remembering things
  • paying attention 
  • solving problems 
  • thinking abstractly
  • talking 
  • behaving
  • walking and other physical activities
  • seeing and/or hearing
  • learning 

Studies now suggest that traumatic brain injuries can lead to early onset dementia. Symptoms can start up to years after the injury.